Agriculture and industry are vital to an economy’s survival. The economy’s lifeline is agriculture, which meets the people’s food needs. Industry supplies other goods such as clothes, houses, and electricity.
Both industry and agriculture are essential for every society. Regarding satisfying people’s needs, agriculture and industry complement each other. Both must be grown simultaneously.
Without agriculture, the industry cannot move forward. Agriculture cannot move forward without industry. They are dependent on one another in terms of supply and demand. Agricultural products are essential for the industry sector. Producing agricultural products requires the use of industrial goods. The agricultural sector is the source of raw materials for industrial production. Therefore, there is an evident interdependence between industry and agriculture. This post will explain this interdependence.
It is obvious that agricultural development depends on the industrial sector. Industries are dependent on agriculture in these ways:
1. The industrial sector supplies seeds.
A key input to agriculture is good quality seeds. The research continues to improve the quality of seeds, making them more resistant to diseases and pests. They are suitable for various soil types and weather conditions. The research requires sophisticated equipment, well-equipped facilities, and other necessary items.
Industries are responsible for developing new technology and designing and manufacturing the equipment and instruments necessary to conduct this research. This is how the industrial sector contributes to increasing agricultural production.
2. The industrial sector supplies fertilizers.
Manure, a mixture of plants and animal waste, has been used by Indian farmers for centuries. The agricultural sector provided the ingredients for the manure. Chemical fertilizers are used to make up for the nutrients that are not utilized in growing crops. The chemical industry is responsible for meeting the demand. The use of fertilizers has significantly improved agricultural productivity. The industrial sector is responsible for the increase in crop productivity.
3. The industrial sector supplies irrigation inputs.
It needs to build tanks, wells, and canals in order to provide irrigation facilities. Bricks, cement, and iron are the basic building materials. These materials come from the industrial sector. The industrial sector also produces machines like pump sets, etc. It also produces electricity, which powers machines and the tools needed for servicing them.
Without the industrial sector, there would be no metals, cement, bricks, electricity, or other construction materials. Therefore, the agricultural sector would depend on rain for irrigation. It would be difficult to develop alternative irrigation methods.
4. The industrial sector supplies pesticides.
Pests and other diseases destroy most agricultural produce. Pesticides are needed to protect crops from diseases and pests. The industrial sector is responsible for the research necessary to create safe pesticides for humans and plants. Industries can produce pesticides, which is a gift for the agricultural sector. It had increased agricultural production.
5. The industrial sector offers modern equipment.
Traditional methods of cultivation used by farmers included using hand tools, bullocks, and bullock carts. This resulted in very low productivity. New industrial developments, such as tractors and other specialized equipment, have made modern agricultural machinery possible. This has lowered the labor required in agriculture while increasing agricultural productivity.
6. The industrial sector provides the materials needed to build infrastructure for agricultural marketing and storage.
Durable roads are essential to allow farmers to transport their produce to the market on time. The industrial sector supplies the necessary equipment, materials, and technology to build roads. The industry also provides storage and warehousing facilities to allow farmers to store their products until they receive a fair market value. They no longer have to sell their crops immediately for fear of injury. Farmers have obtained fair prices for their produce thanks to the storage facility.
7. The industrial sector supplies manufactured goods to the agricultural sector.
People need food and many other goods, such as clothes, houses or transport vehicles, electricity, refrigerators, washing machines, etc. The industrial sector manufactures these goods. These goods are also needed by those who work in the agricultural industry. The industrial sector fulfills these commodities.