Difference Between Pisciculture and Aquaculture

The word ‘pisciculture’ and ‘aquaculture’ are often used interchangeably. However, they are two different forms of fish farming that vary in their approach to raising aquatic animals. Here we will look at the difference between pisciculture and aquaculture to decide which is right for you.

Fish are an excellent protein source and essential to the food supply, the economy, and people’s health. The United Nations estimates that about 1 billion people rely on fish for at least 20% of their protein intake.

The United Nations estimates that about 1 billion people rely on fish for at least 20% of their protein intake.


Pisciculture involves raising fish in a controlled environment, often for food. In this case, you are not going to see the enormous farms that you would see with aquaculture. Instead, pisciculture usually occurs in ponds or cages placed outside on the land.

Fish farmers care for their fish and feed them daily. They also monitor how many fish are being raised to know when it is time to sell some off or breed more. You don’t get as big of an operation with pisciculture because it’s hard work! 

You won’t find large commercial farms like those with other types of farming (such as chicken or beef). Instead, there are small operations where people raise only a few different kinds of freshwater aquatic species, such as trout and catfish.


Aquaculture involves the farming of aquatic plants and aquatic animals. It involves fish, mollusks, crustaceans, and other aquatic organisms.

In aquaculture, farmed fish are kept in a tank or pond where food is provided to them by humans.

Unlike pisciculture, which focuses on breeding fishes in artificial environments, aquaculture is mainly used to raise food fishes such as salmon, catfish, and codfish. However, it has been reported that some species of fish found in the wild have been domesticated through breeding programs and are now raised on farms for commercial purposes, such as stocking ponds or rivers with fingerlings (young invertebrates). 

Aquaculture may also be used as an effort to preserve threatened species of fish from extinction using technologies developed by humans, such as hatcheries which produce larvae (baby animals) that can be released into the wild later on after they mature enough for survival outside their immediate environment.

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Pisciculture and Aquaculture 

Pisciculture and aquaculture are closely related, but pisciculture refers specifically to raising fish, while aquaculture can involve raising other marine creatures like mollusks and crustaceans. Thus, pisciculture is simply a subset of aquaculture.

Creating an environment where fish thrive requires certain considerations, such as temperature control, water quality management, and choosing species suited for the environment you want your fish to live in.

Controlled Factors

Pisciculture involves controlling various factors that affect fish’s growth, including their diet and the temperature of the water they reside in.

In pisciculture, the fish are fed a diet formulated to provide the nutrients they need. The water in which they reside is kept at a specific temperature and is also monitored for cleanliness. The fish are fed at specific times of day, usually on a timed schedule.

The fish are kept in tanks that make it easy to monitor them while they grow, ensuring they stay healthy and do not become diseased or injured.


A great deal of effort has been put into making pisciculture more sustainable, so as not to threaten wild populations of fish with overfishing. This also benefits consumers concerned about the environmental consequences of aquaculture.

Aquaculture has its benefits, but it is not without its environmental costs. While much of the research on aquaculture focuses on improving the efficiency with which fish are grown and harvested, there has been little focus on sustainability. 

In fact, many aquaculturists have argued that their practices are sustainable because they take advantage of waste products from other industries to feed their fish. However, this is a dangerous game to play when you consider that these “waste” products could harm humans and the environment.

Another great deal of care must go into managing pisciculture if we want it to become more sustainable than aquaculture in terms of both food production and environmental impact. The average person does not realize how much effort goes into making pisciculture more sustainable than traditional farming methods

However, people should know about these efforts because they benefit consumers concerned about their dietary choices and their health, as well as helping protect wild populations from overfishing or poisoning from runoff from agricultural areas near water sources used by these fish populations (i.e., lakes).

Raising fish for food is an important industry worldwide; it should be done with an eye toward preserving the environment.

It’s important to remember that pisciculture is a vital industry worldwide and should be done to preserve the environment.

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Pisciculture vs. Aquaculture 

We hope this article has helped you understand the difference between pisciculture and aquaculture. Both are fascinating practices, but they have different objectives and qualities that make them unique.

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